Benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy/enlargement is the medical term to describe an enlarged prostate, a condition that is non-cancerous and affects the urine passage. It is common in men aged over 50. The enlarged prostrate adds pressure on the urethra. The narrowing of the urethra and urinary retention results in the inability to empty the bladder completely.
Symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia most often come from blocked urethra or a bladder that is overworked from trying to pass urine through the blockage. The patient may present with any one symptoms or mix of symptoms listed below:
The complications of benign prostate enlargement may include
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Diagnosis can be done through:
Treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia is based on the severity of symptoms, how much the symptoms affect daily life, preferences, and may include