Menopause is the process or a milestone wherein the menstrual cycles permanently stop, usually is said to be achieved after the woman has missed menses for 12 consecutive months. It marks the permanent end of fertility and the average age of menopause is 50 years. This menstrual cycles permanently cease due to the natural depletion of ovarian oocytes from aging. Reduction in the levels of hormone estrogen leads to the symptoms of menopause. This is the time wherein a woman gets affected a lot due to hormonal disturbances. They may suffer from
Irregular or heavy periods-A peri-menopausal women may experience a period every 2 to 3 weeks or will not menstruate for months at a time.
Hot flashes-Many woman typically get a sudden sensation of heat in the upper body, and the skin may become red, accompanied with sweating.
Emotional changes- Women can experience depression and mood swings during menopause due to change in the hormonal levels. Women may also experience low libido, or sex drive due to these emotional changes.
Night sweats, that are moderate-to-severe, may pose a problem for many years, although it may happen only for few minutes in the night.
Disturbed sleep and headaches- It can be difficult for women to fall asleep and stay asleep as they progress through menopause. In some cases, the sleep may be accompanied by night sweats, discomfort during the night, difficulty sleeping, insomnia, or anxiety.
Vaginal dryness- Dryness, itching, and discomfort of the vagina tend to occur during perimenopause that results in pain during sex and vaginal atrophy
Urinary problems- Women tend to be more susceptible to urinary tract infections (UTIs) during menopause, such as cystitis, causing the women to urinate more often. In case of infection, it may be accompanied by fever and chills.
Other effects include: a buildup of fat in the abdomen, sometimes leading to overweight and obesity; hair loss and thinning hair; breast shrinkage, difficulty in concentrating, loss of fertility etc.