What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland secretes an excessive amount of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland produces tetraiodothyronine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), and regulates metabolism through the release of these hormones. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid makes too much T4, T3, or both. An excess of thyroid hormones has widespread consequences on the whole body.
Grave's Disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the antibodies produced by the immune system against its own tissue and attack the thyroid gland, resulting in excessive production of thyroid hormones.
What are the symptoms of Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism causing the following symptoms or signs:
Sudden weight loss, even with same or increased appetite
Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)-commonly more than 100 beats a minute-irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or pounding of heart (palpitations)
Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
Fine tremors in hands and fingers
Changes in menstrual patterns
Increased sensitivity to heat
Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements
An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck
Fatigue, muscle weakness
Fine, brittle hair
Red or swollen eyes
Excessive tearing or discomfort in one or both eyes
Blurry or double vision, blurry vision
Hyperthyroidism can lead to a number of complications:
Heart problems include a rapid heart rate, a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure- a condition in which heart can't circulate enough blood to meet body's requirements
Brittle bones Untreated hyperthyroidism can also lead to weak bones. Too much thyroid hormone interferes with ability to incorporate calcium into your bones.
Eye problems Untreated, severe eye problems can lead to vision loss.
Red, swollen skin often on the shins and feet
Thyrotoxic crisis sudden intensification leading to fever, a rapid pulse and even delirium which requires immediate medical care.
Hyperthyroidism is diagnosed using:
Medical history and physical exam to detect tremor, overactive reflexes, eye changes and warm, moist skin, thyroid gland enlarged, bumpy or tender, rapid pulse.
Blood tests to measure the levels of thyroxine and TSH in blood.
Radio iodine uptake test A high uptake of radioiodine indicates your thyroid gland is producing too much thyroxine.
Thyroid scan uses small amounts of radioactive materials called radiotracers to provide information about thyroid's size, shape, position and function
How does Homeopathy Treatment work in Hyperthyroidism?
Several treatments options for hyperthyroidism exist depending on age, the underlying cause, and the severity of disorder.
Radioactive iodine is absorbed by thyroid gland, that causes the gland to shrink and symptoms to subside, usually within three to six months. However, this may lead to be underactive (hypothyroidism), and may require thyroxine.
Anti-thyroid medications reduce symptoms of hyperthyroidism by preventing thyroid gland from producing excess amounts of hormones. However, the medicines may cause allergic reactions or liver damage.
Beta blockers are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Side effects may include fatigue, headache, upset stomach, constipation, diarrhoea or dizziness.
Surgery (thyroidectomy) includes removal of thyroid gland if indicated. However, risk ofsurgery include damage to your vocal cords and parathyroid glands and need lifelong treatment if required.
Homeopathy offers better chances of a cure since the treatment is based on the person's individual constitution. Homeopathic remedies stimulate the body to regulate the hormone secretions from the thyroid tissue through the pituitary gland and allows the whole body to heal itself.
Natrum Muriaticum is indicated when a hyperthyroid patient keeps on losing weight despite having good appetite. Patients get irritated very easily and get upset over little things or remain depressed and weeps when alone Sensitive to hot climate and cannot bear the heat of sun. An unusual craving for salt in excess. The person looks very weak, especially around the neck region. The patient feels very weak especially in morning when in bed. This medicine will help in regularizing the menstrual cycle in women whose menses remain suppressed for too long.
Lachesis is indicated in hyperthyroidism with extreme heat. Patients cannot wear tight clothes and always keep their collars around the neck and the belt around the waist loose. This is accompanied with either excessive talkativeness or sadness with an aversion to do any kind of work. Women at menopause who complain of excessive hot flushes and palpitations. The menstrual flow is very less and the duration is short. Another leading indication is complaint of pounding of heart or palpitations with episodes of fainting. Worsening of the condition during sleep is a prominent symptom for the use in these patients.
Phosphorus is a good medicine to treat hyperthyroidism in tall and thin patients who are very sensitive to external impressions like touch, odor, and light. This medicine can be used for treating chronic diarrhea with hyperthyroidism. The patient complains of profuse and offensive stool with extreme weakness. Appetite of such persons increases and they feelhungry immediately after eating. It helps in controlling excessive hairfall where the patient complains of falling of hair in bunches. Patients have craving for meat, salty things, cold drinks and ice creams.
Conium is a very good medicine for a patient who has hyperthyroidism with depression and who donot take any interest in work. The patient gets irritated easily and has trembling in hands. There might beloss of memory and profuse perspiration on hands. Menstrual problems faced by women where the menses appear late and that too for a short time and are very scanty in nature.